WASHINGTON -- The American Psychological Association wants
to eliminate the use of American Indian mascots, contending they
create stereotypes and damage self-esteem.
"American Indian mascots are harmful not only because they are
often negative, but because they remind American Indians of the
limited ways in which others see them," Stephanie Fryberg said in
a statement. "This in turn restricts the number of ways American
Indians can see themselves."
The psychological association is the latest group to seek the
end of Indian mascots. Fryberg, who works at the University of
Arizona, conducted the study.
In August, the NCAA said it would ban the use of Indian mascots
and images deemed "hostile" or "abusive" at all national
The NCAA has since removed three schools -- the Florida State
Seminoles, Utah Utes and Central Michigan Chippewas -- from the
original list of 18 offenders. The Illinois Fighting Illini and
Bradley Braves have appeals pending with the NCAA.
One school, North Dakota, nicknamed the Fighting Sioux, had its
initial appeal rejected. The university is expected to file a
second appeal this month.
The American Psychological Association has more than 150,000
members and is based in Washington.
The American Psychological Association wants to eliminate the use of American Indian mascots, contending they create stereotypes and damage self-esteem.