Medical provisions put in place by each pro sport

Updated: November 22, 2005, 8:09 PM ET news services

Emergency Medical Provisions By Pro Sports League

For every game, the home team is required to have a neutral physician who is an expert in RSI, or rapid sequence intubation.

(Rapid sequence intubation is the placement of a tube into the mouth and down the trachea to protect a patient who is semi or unconscious from aspirating mucous, blood or vomit and assures the ability to deliver oxygen to the lungs in a controlled and protected manner.)

This doctor is normally an ER physician, pulmonologist, or anesthesiologist who stands on the sideline available in case of a sudden medical emergency that necessitates respiratory or cardiac intervention. This doctor is required to stay until the locker rooms are cleared.

In addition to the RSI expert, all stadiums must have a paramedic crew available for on-field/locker room emergencies for all games.

And all teams must have a team medical physician on the sidelines and available in the locker rooms.

The home club provides a certified paramedic and an ambulance to both clubs at each game.

The home club must have an X-ray machine available for immediate use by both clubs at all games.


Teams must make arrangements to have a licensed medical doctor in attendance at each home game.

Teams are required to have an ambulance at their arena for all of the team's home games. An ambulance must be there 90 minutes before the game and may not leave until all players and fans have left the arena. A backup ambulance must also be on site or available within a three-minute response time.

All teams must have a portable defibrillator available at all games and practices.


Major League Baseball mandates that each ballpark has a defibrillator on site, according to commissioner's office spokesman Rich Levin.