"The Arizona Diamondbacks take domestic violence issues very seriously and do not condone the actions for such alleged behavior," team president Derrick Hall said in a statement. "We believe we have taken the appropriate measure at this time by placing Alberto on the restricted list without pay until we determine what further action to take, if any, as we gather more details about the incident."
The Diamondbacks selected the contract of infielder Donnie Sadler from Triple-A Tucson to take Callaspo's roster spot.
The 24-year-old Callaspo did not accompany the Diamondbacks to Houston, where they open a three-game series against the Astros on Friday night.
"We do not feel that he should be with the team due to the allegations," Hall said.
Callaspo was taken into custody on suspicion of misdemeanor assault and felony criminal damage, according to a police probable cause statement filed in Maricopa County Justice Court.
Callaspo made an initial court appearance Friday and was released without bail. He was ordered him to stay away from his wife of two years, Marianny Paola, and the couple's home. Callaspo and his wife have a 1-year-old child.
Prosecutors have not yet filed formal charges. A status conference was set for May 25.
The court document said Callaspo told officers he argued with his 22-year-old wife and kicked her in the buttocks after she pushed him. Paola sustained minor abrasions and had a foot mark on her pants, officer Christopher Meraz wrote.
Callaspo also told officers he threw a video camera and cell phone to the floor during the argument.
The Venezuelan-born Callaspo was named the organization's minor-league player of the year last season after he hit .337 at Tucson and led the Pacific Coast League with 165 hits.
After earning a roster spot in spring training, Callaspo struggled to adjust to big-league pitching this season, hitting .215 in 33 games. But he has filled a critical utility role, playing the outfield, shortstop and third base.
The Diamondbacks did not want to speculate about how Callaspo's absence will affect the club on the field.
"The incident involving Alberto supersedes any baseball issues for us at this time," general manager Josh Byrnes said in a statement. "Because Alberto is a member of our organization, we will offer him and members of his family assistance in dealing with counselors to get them through this difficult time."
Diamondbacks manager Bob Melvin said he met with his players before the game against the Astros but would not say what he told them.
"We obviously had an issue here that we had to broach a little bit," Melvin said.