The condition causes soreness in the bottom of the foot. The move was retroactive to Tuesday.
"You have to learn how to play with soreness," manager Ozzie Guillen said. "But it's hard to play when you're in pain. That's two different things -- play when you're sore and play when you're in pain. And I think he was in pain for all this month and that's why I think it was hard for him to perform."
Taking his spot on the roster was outfielder Dewayne Wise, who came back from his rehabilitation assignment at Triple-A Charlotte and was reinstated from the 15-day DL.
The 26-year-old Quentin is hitting .229 with eight home runs and 20 RBIs. He left Monday's game against the Los Angeles Angels after running out a first-inning double. Last season in his first year with the White Sox, he had 100 RBIs and a team-leading 36 home runs.
Wise went on the DL on April 14 with a separated left shoulder. He injured himself making a diving catch the day before.
Scott Podsednik took Quentin's customary spot in left field against Kansas City on Friday night.
"I think it was the right decision to give him plenty of time to recover, to give him some time to relax and just think about the injury and not think about [being] in the lineup," Guillen said.
"Everything is going to work out for the ballclub and for him and hopefully when he comes back, he'll come back 100 percent and he won't have to sit back another 15-20 days. I don't think the injury is that bad. We can't be playing short for six or seven days. That was the problem."