INDIANAPOLIS -- The NCAA said Friday that approval from
American Indian tribes would be a primary factor in deciding
appeals from schools that want to use Native American nicknames and
mascots in postseason play.
The first review is scheduled to start next week.
Two weeks ago, the NCAA announced that it would ban the use of
American Indian imagery and nicknames by school representatives at
postseason tournaments starting in February. Mascots will not be
allowed to perform at tournament games, and band members and
cheerleaders will also be barred from using Indian images on their
uniforms beginning in 2008.
The decision also prohibits schools with American Indian mascots
from hosting future NCAA postseason events. Schools that have
already been awarded postseason tournaments would have to cover any
Indian depictions in their sports venues.
Major college football will not be affected because there is no
official NCAA tournament.
All appeals will go through a staff committee chaired by Bernard
Franklin, the NCAA's senior vice president for governance and
membership. Decisions could then be reviewed by the NCAA's
"This is a complex issue and the circumstances surrounding each
institution's use of Native American mascots and imagery is
different," Franklin said in a written statement. "Each review
will be considered on the unique aspects and circumstances as it
relates to the specific use and practice at that college or
One factor will be whether documentation exists from a
"namesake" tribe that has approved use of Indian images or
The most outspoken university officials have been at Florida
State, which uses the nickname Seminoles and has already threatened
a lawsuit. The Seminole Tribe of Florida announced in June it
supported the use of its tribal name by Florida State. And the
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma recently stated that it does not
condemn Florida State for its use of the Seminole nickname.
"We're encouraged by the executive board's decision to set up
the administration of the appeal process," Florida State President
T.K. Wetherell said. "We don't think we ever should have been on a
list, but we're certainly encouraged to where we are compared to
where we've been."
NCAA officials said Florida State was put on the list because
other Seminole tribes were opposed.
"We assume, based on what Bernard Franklin told (FSU athletic
director) Dave Hart and what we've read in the press release ...
they will name some administrators to hear that (appeal),"
Wetherell said. "I don't know what that process entails, but
clearly they're looking at relationships that exist. That certainly
works in our favor."
At least 18 schools face sanctions.
"It is vitally important that we maintain a balance between the
interests of a particular Native American tribe and the NCAA's
responsibility to ensure an atmosphere of respect and sensitivity
for all who attend and participate in our championships," NCAA
President Myles Brand said in a written statement.
"We recognize that there are many points of view associated
with this issue and we also know that some Native American groups
support the use of mascots and imagery and some do not; that is why
we will pay particular attention to special circumstances
associated with each institution."