He's listed as questionable for Sunday's game against Tampa Bay.
Colston played in Monday night's victory over the Atlanta Falcons. Payton says Colston emerged from the game with soreness and characterized the procedure as a "clean up" and relatively minor.
The Saints moved receiver Adrian Arrington from their practice squad to the active roster Thursday. Arrington caught two touchdown passes during the preseason.
Roby has missed the past two games, although Payton said last week that he had been cleared to play again. Roby had averaged 23.8 yards on 33 kickoff returns this season, with a long return of 39 yards.
Running back Pierre Thomas has handled kickoff returns in Roby's absence, averaging 22 yards on seven returns.
Information from The Associated Press was used in this report.