ATHENS, Greece -- An extra fence protects Israel's Olympic
Village compound, and the Shin Bet secret service watches over it.
But the Israelis here have something besides security on their
minds -- a fervent hope for the country's first-ever gold medal and
the chance, at last, to hear their national anthem played in
triumph at the Summer Games.
The anthem is "Hatikvah" -- The Hope -- and Israeli fans sang it
spontaneously last week when Ariel Zeevi won a bronze medal in
"Now we want to hear it officially," said delegation chief
Efraim Zinger who, like countless compatriots, is pulling for
windsurfer Gal Fridman to move from second place to first in the
event's climactic race Wednesday.
The pressure on top Israeli Olympians can be intense, with fans
at home yearning for their success as a way of countering the often
contentious news about their country. Zeevi, after winning his
bronze-medal match, said he had been under tremendous stress and
called it "the hardest day of my life."
Said Yehuda Mayan, who heads the windsurfing team, "Israel is a
small country. ... People in the north and south of the country
know every athlete, not like in the United States where they have
so many athletes and so many medals."
In 12 previous Olympics, dating to 1952, Israel had won only one
silver and three bronze medals. Its Olympic legacy is primarily
somber -- political complications, occasional snubs by athletes from
Islamic countries and, overshadowing all else, the killing of 11
athletes and coaches who were seized by a Palestinian terrorist
group called Black September at the 1972 Games in Munich.
Zinger, director general of the Olympic Committee of Israel,
said his athletes savor the competition and conviviality of the
games as much as any of their counterparts -- and yet are different.
"There are no special restrictions on our team -- they can go
wherever they want in the village, in the city," he said. "They
are athletes like everybody else, but at the same time -- in the
backs of our minds -- we remember Munich. We know, not as athletes
but as Israelis, that there are certain people who are looking for
Each Olympiad, the Israeli team pays a group visit to a memorial
in Tel Aviv honoring the slain athletes before heading off to the
competition. During each Olympics, there is a memorial service --
this year's was attended by International Olympic Committee
president Jacques Rogge, something his long-serving predecessor
Juan Antonio Samaranch did not do while IOC chief.
"It was not just that an IOC president came, but the way he
spoke," Zinger said. "He was talking to the athletes as
Rogge, who competed at Munich with the Belgian sailing team,
told those at the service that the IOC was "expressing its
greatest and most solemn homage to your husband and our brothers."
Despite knowing they might be a target, team members are not
forbidden from venturing out wearing clothes with Israeli logos. In
fact, Zinger said he and a colleague wore Israeli shirts into
central Athens, and were besieged by people asking for Israeli team
"The delegation brought more than 1,000 pins, and they're all
gone," Zinger said. "It seems we're quite popular."
The only unwelcome incident so far, aside from athletic
setbacks, was an apparent snub by Iran's top judo competitor, Arash
Miresmaeili, who showed up overweight for his bout after reportedly
saying he wouldn't fight Israel's Ehud Yaks. Iran does not
recognize Israel, and several of its athletes have refused to
compete against Israelis before.
Zinger said he was disappointed when the International Judo
Federation declined to penalize Miresmaeili, and urged sports
authorities to crack down on such snubs as vigorously as they do
illegal drug use.
"It will snowball," he said. "Next time it could be a Syrian
refusing to compete against an American."
Israel brought 36 athletes to the Athens Games, a smaller squad
than for some past Olympics in part because of its failure to
qualify for any team sports.
Zinger said 45 percent of the squad members are women, and 45
percent were born outside Israel. But all of those immigrants moved
to Israel by their teens and developed their sporting skills there,
often under the tutelage of coaches who came from the former Soviet
Union, he said.
Zinger noted that Israel's previous medalists included a woman
raised in a wealthy Tel Aviv neighborhood and the son of a Moroccan
immigrant who grew up in the desert of southern Israel.
"In Israel, where we're still dealing with some basic questions
about our own existence, sport can help bring people together," he