- Dan Knutson
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INDIANAPOLIS -- Single-car qualifying has been used in one form or another at
the Indianapolis 500 ever since the first race in 1911. The current
single-car four-lap qualifying method was introduced for the 1920 "500."
In Formula One, meanwhile, the short-lived era of single-car, one-lap
qualifying (it was introduced at the start of the 2003 season) looks like
it is coming to an end. The Indianapolis Motor Speedway, home of this
weekend's United States Grand Prix, will probably be the second-to-last venue
to ever stage single-car F1 qualifying.
After months of arguing, F1 team bosses and F1 czar Bernie Ecclestone have
finally, sort of anyway, agreed on a new qualifying system. It should be
introduced at the British Grand Prix at Silverstone. That means that the
French Grand Prix, the race between the events in Indianapolis and Britain,
will be the last time F1 uses single-car qualifying.
"Essentially there's going to be only one official qualifying session,"
team owner Frank Williams said, "and that's split into two 25-minute
sessions with a 10-minute gap in between. Each (driver) is allowed to do a
total of six laps, allowed to use four sets of tires for that first 25 and
the second 25 session. You must start the race on the tires on which you
qualified. (Your) qualification time is based on the aggregate -- for the
first time ever in F1 -- on the best lap of the first 25 minutes and the
second 25 minutes."
With the current system there is all sorts of strategy involved with fuel
loads because a driver must make his final qualifying run with enough fuel
onboard the car to take it through to the first pit stop in the race.
With the new system, cars will qualify with as light a fuel load as
possible and then fuel will be added before the race. This means that a
team with a slower car will no longer be able to try a strategy of
qualifying with a lighter fuel load in order to move further up the grid
while balancing that starting position with the fact that they will have to
Now, the fastest cars will be at the front of the starting grid and the
slowest cars at the back.
While there has been a verbal agreement, the new rules won't go into effect
until everybody has signed off on them.
"I think there's some reservation that maybe what we're doing presently is
maybe better than what we're going to do at Silverstone, if it happens,"
What the teams have all basically agreed upon is that they will do what's best
for the television audience. And F1 TV is Ecclestone's realm.
"It's very difficult to find a format which is perfect for everybody," said
Ferrari's technical director Ross Brawn. "We all have our ideas. So this
is a format which has been proposed by Bernie (Ecclestone), so really he's
got to take responsibility for it if it doesn't work. And he is the
promoter of F1, so we have to do our best to try and help the promoter put
on as good a show as possible. In that respect, we support it."
Some people say that the one-car, one-lap method is boring. But others see
problems with the new proposal.
"Not very good," Jaguar driver Mark Webber said of the new qualifying.
"Adding the times together is crazy. The track is still going to have its
good points of when you want to be on it. You have two 25-minute sessions,
and the last part of the 25 minutes is when all the activity is going to
be. No one is going to run for the first 10 minutes."
One of the benefits of the single car system is that each team gets TV
coverage of its car, and the fans don't miss any of the action. By going
to the new system with all the cars basically out on the track at the same
time, the TV cameras are naturally going to focus on the fastest cars,
which means the likes of Minardi and Jordan won't get a lot of air time for
their sponsors. Furthermore, while the cameras are following one quick
driver they may well miss the lap of the guy that wins the pole.
Brawn says that fans watching at the track will have a difficult time
following the system of the aggregate lap times.
"My only concern is to make sure that we present the accumulative or
aggregate system properly to the people at the track," he said. "I think
it's easy for a TV viewer to follow what's going on because the technology.
But I'm concerned that the people in the grandstands know what's going on.
So it's very important that we get the message across somewhere, wherever
it is and what the situation is, because it will be a shame if the people
at the track aren't following what's going on in qualifying."
Most drivers like the idea of not qualifying with a lot of fuel because this means they can really push the car to the limits.
"I think the no fuel bit is good," Williams driver Juan Pablo Montoya said.
"The aggregate of the two laps; I am not a big fan of that. It might make
it very interesting."
McLaren's David Coulthard has never done consistently well on the one lap
"Having the opportunity to qualify on low fuel, having the opportunity for
the drivers to get out there and build on their first qualifying lap is
going to be more exciting for us and hopefully more exciting for the
spectators," he said.
Toyota driver Cristiano da Matta learned about one-car qualifying in his
CART days on the ovals. He's got mixed feelings about F1's new system.
"There are two sides," he said. "The grid position is definitely going to
be less mixed up than it can get right now because if you have a slow car
you cannot play with fuel level. It's going to be more the true
performance of the car, so maybe a little bit less excitement for the race.
But on the other hand, we will know after qualifying the true performance
of each car and each driver. So that is a good thing."
McLaren director Ron Dennis believes that the mystery has gone out of the
"Everybody now has mastered the strategy game," Dennis said, "and most cars
have started qualifying with similar levels of fuel. The racing is not now
being dramatically improved by this regulation, and it has been to the
significant detriment of qualifying. One of the nicer points of changing
it at Silverstone is that it will give us the opportunity of considering
further changes for next year."
And that's another thing just about everybody in the F1 paddock agrees on:
whatever qualifying turns into for the rest of this season, it will change
in 2005 as F1 continues to look for answers.
Dan Knutson covers Formula One for National Speed Sport News and ESPN.com.
The fuel strategy games in F1 qualifying are about to end as the sport plans to scrap one-lap qualifying.