Ring tragedy from a doctor's perspective
Is boxing any safer to its participants now than it was 25 years ago?
It's been 25 years since Duk Koo Kim died after fighting Ray Mancini on national television. Kim collapsed at 19 seconds of the 14th round. He received emergency surgery to remove a large blood clot on the brain's surface, but died five days later.The facts surrounding the Kim-Mancini bout are similar to those of any ring death. The fight was brutal, but so are many bouts that don't end in calamity. Defenders of the sport point to boxing's "inherent danger" as a vague absolution. Regulatory changes have improved overall safety, but have done little to change the frequency of fatalities.
Predisposing factors relating to boxing fatalities
|Profound rapid weight loss|
|Repeated head blows|
|Second Impact Syndrome (ignored seemingly minor head injury followed by a second one resulting in brain cell death)|
|Medical history including high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, bleeding disorder|
|Medications that induce bleeding risks or blood pressure|
|Inappropriate weight class|