What will be the fallout from the Mitchell report?

Updated: March 24, 2008, 5:35 PM ET

The Mitchell report could have huge consequences for baseball.

For years, steroid use in baseball was a barely acknowledged problem; everyone knew it was happening -- minor players were suspended for violating substance-abuse policies -- but very little was done to figure out exactly which players had truly benefited.

The release of the Mitchell report changed all that. Suddenly, some of the game's biggest names were thrust into the spotlight, forced to explain their actions from years past. The most notable name on the list was Roger Clemens, whom some regard as the greatest pitcher of all time. His relationship with alleged steroid dealer Brian McNamee was put on the national stage in subsequent congressional hearings, perhaps staining his legacy forever.

The initial fallout from the Mitchell report was substantial, but could there be more to come? How will it affect baseball as further details are revealed? Cast your vote now!

What They're Saying

We've collected a sample of what writers, bloggers, and players themselves have said this offseason about the effects of the Mitchell report. For this issue, we've chosen ESPN's Peter Gammons and Rob Neyer:

Peter Gammons: "You can blame the players association and you can blame Bud Selig, but the fact remains that the players who were truly clean did not exercise their power to avoid this, nor did their owners care to know as the business went from a $1.3B industry in 1995 to one that topped $6.2B in 2007. Not that most owners had enough time to really understand this, which is why it's fortunate that Mitchell did not go back to the period when George W. Bush owned the Texas Rangers -- which Jose Canseco and others have fingered as a performance-enhancing Wal-Mart -- because there is no way Bush had any idea what was alleged in Canseco's book.

"The problem is that the history of the 20-something years of steroids, HGH, etc. is written by Canseco and clubhouse gophers, fired trainers and gym rats. Many of us have a problem with Mitchell throwing out names based on little to no proof other than hearsay, but he was left with few alternatives. Baseball wanted him to look at the period. He did, as best he could, and emptied it like a box of trash, with little differentiation between Roger Clemens and Brian Roberts, whose name was revealed without evidence of any wrongdoing whatsoever. In this era of vigilante journalism, if it's a name, it's got guilt, and the fact that some 'news' services ran with a phony report with 76 names Thursday morning puts 'news' right there in the culture of the sewer rats."
Dec. 14, 2007
Drug culture quite slimy

Rob Neyer: "...I do believe it's worthwhile to analyze performance with an eye toward drug use. Such analysis would be useful to general managers, to Hall of Fame voters, and (yes) to rotisserie players, too. Also, it's been suggested that MLB should establish its own investigative arm to track down users, and its detectives will need somewhere to start, right?

"Fair? Maybe, maybe not. But if anybody's serious about getting drugs out of the headlines -- and superstars' names out of indictments and affidavits -- perhaps fairness must become a secondary consideration. "
Dec. 26, 2007
Investigate all, not some

The Rundown: Mitchell report players

Brian McNamee was a key figure in the Mitchell report.
Eighty-nine current and former players were mentioned in the Mitchell report. Some were minor names, mainly players that may have prolonged their major league careers through steroid or performance-enhancing drug usage. A few, however, were absolute superstars, players who were etched in the record books for all time. These names have likely had the biggest impact on the way baseball fans view the game. Some of the more famous players mentioned in the report are presented below, along with a summation of Mitchell's investigation.

Players mentioned in the Mitchell report
Name Report/Reaction In Report | Read it
Barry Bonds Harvey Shields was Bonds's personal trainer between 2000 and 2004 and continued to provide training services to Bonds as a Giants employee from 2004 through 2006. He said in an interview that Greg Anderson provided Bonds with a cream to use on his elbow, which Shields said he believed was an over-the-counter "arthritis cream." Shields also said that Anderson provided Bonds with a clear liquid that Bonds ingested by placing drops under his tongue. Shields did not know where Anderson obtained the clear liquid. When asked how many times he and Bonds had taken the "clear," Shields would say only "more than once." Page 128
Jose Canseco In a later telephone interview with my investigative staff, however, [Canseco lawyer Robert] Saunooke confirmed that Canseco had purchased human growth hormone over the internet on several occasions, both before and after his retirement from baseball. Saunooke said that Canseco had taken a blood test in connection with these purchases. Page 246
Roger Clemens Toward the end of the road trip which included the Marlins series, or shortly after the Blue Jays returned home to Toronto, Clemens approached [former Yankees trainer Brian] McNamee and, for the first time, brought up the subject of using steroids. Clemens said that he was not able to inject himself, and he asked for McNamee's help. Later that summer, Clemens asked McNamee to inject him with Winstrol, which Clemens supplied. McNamee knew the substance was Winstrol because the vials Clemens gave him were so labeled. McNamee injected Clemens approximately four times in the buttocks over a several-week period with needles that Clemens provided. Each incident took place in Clemens's apartment at the SkyDome. McNamee never asked Clemens where he obtained the steroids. Page 166
Lenny Dykstra Since approximately 2000, the Commissioner's Office has been aware that Dykstra used anabolic steroids during his playing career. At that time, senior vice president for security Kevin M. Hallinan, his deputy Martin Maguire, and then-executive vice president for baseball operations Sandy Alderson met with Dykstra and his doctor in an attempt to increase their understanding of steroids. Hallinan said that Dykstra admitted to using steroids, saying that he used them to "keep his weight up" during the season. According to Hallinan, Dykstra said using steroids eliminated the need for him to work out during the season. Page 149
Jason Giambi Giambi said that he injected himself with approximately "one cc" (cubic centimeter) of Deca-Durabolin each week for the remainder of the 2001 season, always administering the drug to himself and always at home. He purchased an additional supply of Deca-Durabolin from the same source before the 2002 season, and he followed the same weekly regimen of use of that substance throughout the 2002 season. Page 131
David Justice Radomski said he made one sale to Justice, which occurred after the 2000 World Series. Justice played for the Yankees that year. Justice paid Radomski by check for two or three kits of human growth hormone. Radomski said that he cashed this check. Page 181
Paul Lo Duca Radomski produced copies of three checks from Lo Duca, each in the amount of $3,200. All are included in the Appendix. Radomski said that each check was in payment for two kits of human growth hormone. Lo Duca's name, with an address and telephone number, is listed in the address book seized from Radomski's residence by federal agents. Page 208
Rafael Palmeiro On August 1, 2005, Major League Baseball announced that Baltimore Orioles first baseman and designated hitter Rafael Palmeiro had violated the league's joint drug program and would be suspended for 10 games. Palmeiro subsequently acknowledged that he had tested positive for the anabolic steroid stanozolol, the generic name for Winstrol, but he repeatedly denied that he had ever "intentionally taken steroids." Page 103
Andy Pettitte McNamee traveled to Tampa at Pettitte's request and spent about ten days assisting Pettitte with his rehabilitation. McNamee recalled that he injected Pettitte with human growth hormone that McNamee obtained from Radomski on two to four occasions. Pettitte paid McNamee for the trip and his expenses; there was no separate payment for the human growth hormone. Page 175
Gary Sheffield In September 2003, when federal agents executed a search warrant on Greg Anderson's condominium, they cited a February 2003 FedEx receipt from Gary Sheffield to BALCO as evidence of probable cause to conduct the search. In his 2007 book entitled Inside Power, Sheffield acknowledged he had received a bill from BALCO for what he called "vitamins" and claimed he did not know whether the "cream" he acknowledged using during his grand jury testimony had contained steroids. Page 136
Miguel Tejada Radomski recalled receiving a call from Piatt during which he said he needed extra testosterone because "one of the guys wanted some." In a later conversation, Piatt told Radomski that the testosterone was for his teammate, Miguel Tejada. Radomski never spoke, or sold performance enhancing substances, directly to Tejada. Page 201
Mo Vaughn Radomski recalled that Vaughn had an ankle injury and called him for advice. Radomski told Vaughn that human growth hormone would help his ankle heal faster. Radomski said that thereafter he sold human growth hormone to Vaughn. Radomski also provided Vaughn with a program for the use of the human growth hormone. Radomski said that he delivered the substances to Vaughn personally. Radomski produced three checks deposited into Radomski's accounts and drawn on Vaughn's checking account: two checks for $3,200 each, and one check for $2,200. Page 186